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The chemical compatibility listings are intended as a guide only.We assume no liability for the accuracy of their use. The usershould test under their own operating conditions to determine thesuitability of any compound and material in a particular application.
ARO is moving toward replacement of traditional thermoset rubberdiaphragms with thermoplastic elastomers (TPE). Examples of TPEsinclude Santoprene®, Nitrile (TPE) and Hytrel®.TPEs are manufactured using a plastic injection molding process wherethe resin, or diaphragm material, is melted and injected into a moldto produce the diaphragm. The advantages of this process include:
Laboratory testing has shown:
Santoprene® outperformed all rubber diaphragms exceptBuna in the mild abrasive fluids. The Geolast diaphragm had equivalentlife to the Buna diaphragms and was superior to the other rubberscompounds. PTFE with the Santoprene® backer exhibited thebest flex life of all diaphragms during the test series.
Thermosets diaphragms are constructed by sandwiching (laminating) alayer of fabric reinforcement between two sheets of unvulcanizedrubber. These are placed in a mold and compressed under heat andpressure to bond and vulcanize the rubber.
|Limitations of the process include:||Results|
|Inclusion of fabric limits design flexibility to achieve optimum diaphragm shape||Lower flex life|
|Incomplete bonding can occur||Delamination|
|Inconsistent quality||Inconsistent life|
|“Wicking” of fabric||Delamination / Leakage|
Thermoplastic elastomeric (TPE) diaphragms are manufactured using aninjection molding process. The process allows the part to be molded inthe shape and configuration required of the diaphragm to provideexcellent performance and life. The TPE resins used to manufacture thediaphragms exhibit excellent dimensional and tensile characteristicseliminating the fabric reinforcement. The following TPEs are used inARO diaphragm pumps.
These materials are manufactured from natural rubber and man madeadditives to enhance resistance to various fluids. Diaphragms aremanufactured using a compression molding process. A nylon fabric meshis molded in the diaphragm to add strength to the compound.
PTFE is the most chemically inert man-made compound known. Newdiaphragm design and material processing have significantly improvedflex life, which is now equivalent to or exceeding rubber compounds. Abacker diaphragm is used to provide additional support.
* Not Available in all models
**Maximum temperaturelimits are based on mechanical stress only. Certain chemicals cansignificantly reduce the maximum safe operating temperature.
Pump models containing aluminum wetted parts cannot be used with111.-Trichloroethylene, Methylene Chloride, or other HalogenatedHydrocarbon solvents that react and explode. Although manufacturers ofthose solvents typically add inhibitors to prevent a reaction, thereis no assurance that they will prevent a reaction under allconditions. Special caution should be exercised when handlingreclaimed or used solvents since the inhibitors are often degraded.Only Stainless Steel, Acetal, or PVDF pumps should be used for thesematerials. Other examples of Halogenated Hydrocarbon Solvents (H.H.C.)include, but are not limited to, the following: Trichloroethane,Methyl Chloride, Carbon Tetrachloride, and Chloroform Dichlorethylene.
Polypropylene – A general purpose low cost material havingbroad chemical resistance for use in a wide variety of chemical applications.
Kynar (PVDF) – A high performance fluorpolymer resin withexcellent chemical resistance properties. Used for pumping aggressivechemicals at elevated temperature. Material also has excellentmechanical properties.
Groundable Acetal – An excellent material for use in solventtransfer applications. The material incorporates metallic fibers inthe resin to render the material conductive to eliminate static chargebuild up and potential static discharge.
A = Excellent | B = Good | C = Fair | D = Poor
*Check chemicalcompatibility guide for part specific solvent or hydrocarbon.
**Maximum temperature is based on mechanical stress only. Certainchemicals can significantly reduce maximum safe operating temperature.
ARO is Fluid Intelligence and a leading worldwide manufacturer of fluid handling products that are expertly engineered to deliver performance and serviceability, enabling our customers to achieve the best total cost of ownership.
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